Cystic Fibrosis

What is it?

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a rare genetic disorder that primarily affects the lungs, but also impacts the pancreas, liver, kidneys, and intestine. It is caused by a defective gene that results in the production of thick and sticky mucus, leading to various complications in multiple organs. CF is an autosomal recessive disorder, meaning an affected individual must inherit two copies of the faulty gene, one from each parent.

What are its symptoms?

The main symptoms of cystic fibrosis include difficulty breathing, chronic coughing, frequent lung infections, and poor weight gain despite a good appetite. CF can also lead to digestive problems, such as difficulty absorbing nutrients from food, bulky and foul-smelling stools, and a higher risk of developing diabetes. Additionally, individuals with CF may experience salty-tasting skin, excessive sweating, and infertility in males due to the absence or blockage of the vas deferens.

What do I need to consider?

Other important facts about cystic fibrosis include the need for lifelong management and treatment, as there is currently no cure for the condition. Treatment aims to alleviate symptoms, prevent complications, and improve quality of life. It often involves a multidisciplinary approach with specialized medical care, including respiratory therapies, medications, pancreatic enzyme replacement, nutritional support, and regular monitoring.


No file for download


  • Mayo Clinic. Cystic fibrosis – Symptoms and causes. Retrieved from [https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cystic-fibrosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20353700](https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cystic-fibrosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20353700)
  • National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. What Is Cystic Fibrosis? Retrieved from [https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/cystic-fibrosis](https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/cystic-fibrosis)